The combined government and community services industry contributed $6.1 billion to the Northern Territory’s (NT’s) gross state product (GSP) in 2017‑18, representing an increase of 2.4%, from the previous year. This sector accounted for 23.0% of the NT’s GSP, which was the third highest proportion across the jurisdictions behind the Australian Capital Territory (42.6%) and Tasmania (23.1%) (Chart 1). The industry’s share of GSP in the NT has slightly decreased over the financial year, although is in line with the 10-year average. Of the industries, public administration and safety services made the largest contribution of 12.0% or $3.2 billion to GSP, representing an increase of 0.7% from 2016-17.
In comparison, the value of the national combined industry increased by 3.2% to $304.6 billion in 2017‑18, accounting for 16.7% of national gross domestic product (GDP), with the health care and social assistance sector making up the largest contribution.
In 2018-19, 51,611 Territorians were employed in government and community services combined industry (decrease of 0.9%). Of these, 40.8% were employed in public administration and safety, 37.3% in health care and social assistance, and 21.9% in education and training.
The government and community services industry continues to be a significant source of employment in the NT, accounting for 39.1% of total employment in 2018-19, above the 10‑year annual average of 36.8%. The share of total employment in government and community services has remained relatively stable over the past 10 years, although there was an increase in 2013-14 as a result of an increase in public administration and safety (Chart 2). Nationally, the combined government and community services industry’s proportion has trended upwards since the early 2000s, however, its share to total employment remains less than the NT share (27.9%).
Since then, recent data reports that employment in the NT government and community services sector has decreased by 0.8 per cent to 51,511 persons in the year to August 2019. This currently represents 39.4 per cent of the total resident workforce, remaining the Territory’s largest employing industry. Nationally, the sector’s workforce increased by 4.0% per cent over the same period.
Government and community services is a major contributor of GSP and employment in the NT. The government and community services category comprises public administration and safety, education and training, and health care and social assistance. The outputs from these sectors are predominantly supplied and or funded by the public sector, including Commonwealth, NT and local governments. This industry also includes output from private providers of education, health, aged care and other community services as well as contributions made by the defence industry, which is discussed further in the Defence webpage.