Tourism Research Australia (TRA) reports the direct and indirect impact of expenditure and employment of tourism at the state and territory level based on data from the ABS’ National Tourism Satellite Accounts. The Department of Treasury and Finance work closely with the Department of Tourism and Culture (DTC) to compile information on the NT’s tourism industry. For more industry and tourism related data, please go to DTC’s website. Unless otherwise stated, the following analysis is based on estimates published by TRA.
Tourism is an important economic driver for the Northern Territory (NT) and a significant industry in regional areas. Tourism’s contribution to the NT economy is captured in a range of industries, including accommodation and food services, retail trade, culture and recreation, and transport. In 2016-17 the tourism industry in the NT is estimated to have directly contributed $1.2 million to GSP.
In 2016-17, the tourism industry contributed a total of 16 300 employees to both direct and indirect employment. Data for 2017-18 is not yet available. For further information please go to the Tourism Research Australia website for the Tourism Satellite Account publication found on their research section.
In the year to March 2018, international visitor numbers to the NT decreased by 4.4% to an estimate of 287 000 international visitors (Chart.1). There is no data relating to the purpose of visit for the March quarter 2018 because the quality of the main purpose of visit component of the passenger data supplied to Tourism Research Australia by the Department of Home Affairs has been identified as a concern. There are no issues with the survey collection.
In the year ending March 2018, there was a 7.0% decline in international visitors to the top end (to 134,000 visitors) but international visitors to central Australia increased by 0.5% (to 203,000 visitors). Despite, a greater number of visitors to central Australia, the average stay in central Australia is less than the average stay in the top end, 6.3 nights compared to 18.6 nights.
In the year ending March 2018, the main overseas markets that contributed to the decrease in international visitation included the United States, which was down 10.0% to 42,000 visitors, United Kingdom down 9.2% and Germany down 15.8% (Chart 2). International visitors from Japan increased by 13.2%. Visitors from Greater China, which have doubled over the past ten years, increased by 5.9% in the year ending December 2017. Greater China is ranked fifth largest as a source market.
In 2017-18, 1.4 million interstate and intrastate overnight visitors travelled to and within the NT, which is an 11.4% decrease compared to the previous year or 183,600 less visitors. (Chart 3). Nationally, domestic visitor numbers increased by 7.0% to a record high of 100.3 million.
Domestic overnight visitors to the NT for business purposes have declined by 10.8% to 545,870. The number of travellers visiting friends and relatives decreased by 71,400 to 212,000 in 2017-18, the lowest levels since in the year to March 2014.
Domestic visitors to central Australia decreased by 9.9% to 513,600 in 2017-18. Domestic visitors to top end Australia also decreased by 9.9% to 1,010,300.
Territorians took an estimated 659,000 overnight trips within the NT in the year to December 2017. Although there was growth in intra-Territory visitors travelling to visit friends and relatives and for business, this was offset by a decline in holiday visitors and those travelling for other purposes. Interstate overnight visitors who travelled to the NT was estimated at 909,000 persons in the year to December 2017, with business also being the main reason for travel. The number of interstate overnight visitors to the NT continues to be greater than the intrastate overnight visitors (Chart 4).
According to STR (formally known as Smith Travel Research), average occupancy rates for August 2018 decreased by 2.5 percentage points to 83.0% in the NT when compared to August 2017. There was a 0.3% increase in demand to 243,000 nights. The decline in occupancy was mostly reflective of an increase in room supply at the end of the month to 9,476 rooms (up 305 rooms). In the year ending August 2018, occupancy rates were 3.3 percentage points higher at 72.0%.
In the month of August 2018, the occupancy rate in Darwin decreased by 2.8 percentage points to 84.0%, compared to August 2017. The decline was due to an increase of 269 rooms to 5,664 rooms compared to August 2017. In Alice Springs, demand increased by 4.2% for August 2018 compared to August 2017, resulting in a 3.5 percentage points increase in the occupancy rate to 86.0%. For the year ending August 2018, the occupancy rate in Darwin was up 3.3 percentage points to 74.0% and was marginally higher (up 0.8 percentage points to 73.0%) in Alice Springs.
Increasing activity in the accommodation sector will help place the NT’s tourism industry in a position to attain its target to grow the visitor economy. For more information go to Tourism NT website for reports on the NT’s hotel development pipeline under the section investing in the NT.
The Territory’s tourism industry relies heavily on aviation due to large distances between major tourist attractions within the Territory and the remoteness of Darwin and Alice Springs from major metropolitan areas in other jurisdictions. The Territory is serviced by five domestic airlines and eight international airlines. Inbound seat capacity to the Territory for 2017 decreased by 1.0% compared to 2016. The decrease in inbound capacity was experienced across all airports in the Territory with the exception of Yulara which had an increase.
The Cruise sector contributed $87.6 million into the Territory economy in 2016-17. In 2016-17, there were a total 49 ship visits to Darwin which carried 53,666 guests. During 2017 -18, 67 ship visits are expected in total, with the capacity of 55,212 guests to Darwin. In April 2018, the largest ship to sail in Australia, the Ovation of the Seas, visited Darwin for the second time bringing around 4000 passengers and 1600 crew. In September 2018, the Majestic Princess will reposition from China to Australian water and pass through Darwin returning to Asia in 2019. Through 2017, there were also a number of expedition cruise ships visits to remote regional locations across the Top End including the Tiwi Island, Elcho Island and Yirrkala.
The NT Government’s national, ‘Do the NT’ brand campaign has been in the market since 2014. There has been an increased focus on highlighting the diversity of activities and iconic events available in the NT to heighten awareness of regional travel opportunities before tourists leave home. This has led to other campaigns under the main brand campaign. The Million Dollar Fish competition, which was launched in 2015, continues to generate national and international exposure for the NT as a place to fish and has been extended through to 2020. This campaign aims to encourage travel to the NT during the low season.
To attract international travellers, there is a focus on the range of events and festivals that offer visitors the opportunity to boast about their unique holiday experiences. To target backpackers, the NT promote deals and use digital advertising on key youth platforms to from the East Coast.
For more information go to the marketing section of the Tourism NT website.
Announced in early 2018, the NT Government is rolling out a record $103 million tourism stimulus package to stimulate and support the industry in 2017-18 and 2018-19. The package is aimed at better promotion of attractions with $26.57 million for targeted tourism marketing, with $10.85 million allocated towards cooperative marketing with key domestic and international airlines. To create more memorable experiences $56.24 million has been allocated towards new tourism infrastructure, which includes $9.9 million for the upgrade of the George Brown Darwin Botanic Garden, $12 million to open up new cycling tracks in Central Australia and $12.1 million to open new areas of Litchfield National Park. There is also $20.78 million towards enhancing existing festivals and events which includes $4 million towards maintaining and enhancing Territory parks and $4 million to develop new festivals and events. For more information go to Turbocharging Tourism NT.
NT tourism data is based primarily on data sourced from TRA. For their international visitor survey it is conducted by computer assisted personal interviewing in the departure lounges of the eight major international airports: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Cairns, Perth, Adelaide, Darwin and Gold Coast. Survey results are weighted to data provided by the Department of Immigration and Citizenship on international visitor numbers with the assistance of the Australian Bureau of Statistics.
The national visitor survey (NVS) includes any Australian resident who is 15 years of age or more and has lived in their current residence for at least three months. Up to the end of 2013, the NVS sample only included residential landline phones, but from January 2014 onwards, the sample design was modified by the addition of mobile phones.
For further information on the methodology used by TRA for their international and national visitor surveys go to TRA website.